CTET Exam Pattern and Necessary Details

The Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) is going to be conducted on December 9, 2018 in 92 cities across the country. The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is going to organize the 11th Edition of the CTET Exam in order to select candidates for the post of teachers across the country for Classes I to VIII. With around a fortnight left for the examination, we shall discuss the CTET Exam Pattern in detail along with all other necessary details required in order to crack the exam.  
What is CTET Exam?
The CTET Exam has been conceptualized in order to conduct a uniform test for recruitment of teachers across the country. According to the Right to Information Act, 2005, it has been specified that anybody aspiring to become a teacher in Classes I to VIII in the schools covered under the RTE Act, should crack a Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) conducted by a competent authority. It is in this regard a common entrance test has been designed by the CBSE, as per the instructions of the Ministry of Human Resources, Government of India.
When is the CTET Exam held?
The CTET Exam is held generally twice a year and it is conducted by the CBSE. For the December 2018 exam, the CTET Exam form was released in August 2018 whereas the exam is now scheduled in December 2018. The CTET Exam opens the doors for myriads of opportunities in the area of teaching in the country. If you pass the exam, the scorecard remains valid for seven years. You can apply in government schools based on your score in the CTET Exam.
What is the CTET Exam Pattern for December 2018?
With the CTET Exam date already declared, all of you must be preparing hard to succeed in this coveted exam. This exam is conducted in a single day with two sessions allotted to it.
The Paper II is conducted in the morning session whereas the Paper I is conducted in the evening session. Both the papers will have duration of two and half hours.
Paper I is meant for the candidates aspiring to become teachers in government schools in Classes I to V whereas Paper II is meant for aspirants who want to become teachers in government schools in Classes VI to VIII.
All the questions in the CTET Exam will be objective in nature with four alternatives and there will be no negative marking for the wrong answer. Each correct answer will, however, carry one mark. The exam will be conducted online.
Paper I: For Classes I to V (Primary Stage)
The paper I will have 150 questions with 150 marks allotted to the questions. The time given to answer the questions will be two and half hours. The questions in this paper will be based on the following topics:
Name of the Subjects Number of Questions Total Marks Allotted
Child Development and Pedagogy 30 30
Language I (Compulsory) 30 30
Language II (Compulsory) 30 30
Mathematics 30 30
Environment Studies 30 30
Total 150 150
The following points should be taken into consideration while preparing for this particular paper in the CTET Exam:
You have to select the languages while applying: Both the languages have to be selected while applying. The Language I is for the medium of instruction whereas Language II is for communication and comprehension abilities. It is recommended that the mother tongue is chosen for Language I (if available in the list) whereas the second language is chosen for Language II. This will help you clear both these papers easily. Understand the objective behind these papers and choose accordingly.
Follow NCERT thoroughly: It is written in the notification itself that the syllabus is mainly based on the NCERT of the concerned classes. It is highly recommended that you go through the textbooks as the first thing while preparing for CTET Exam.
The level of questions may be of secondary level: It should not be thought that the level of questions will also be of the level of Class V but the same may be of higher level also. It is therefore required that you are ready to face the challenge.
Pedagogy questions will be age-specific: Since you are appearing for Classes I to V, the pedagogy and child development questions will mainly be related to children in the age group of 6-11 years. Therefore make sure that you focus on this age group only while studying this subject.
Problem-solving and real-life scenario will be there in the paper: For the Mathematics and Environment part of this paper get ready to face some questions based on problem solving and basic conceptual knowledge. Don’t cram theories blindly. Please understand the application of any theory along with real-life examples so that you can solve any problem.
Paper II: For Classes VI to VIII (Elementary Stage)
This paper will also have 150 questions with as many marks allotted to it. The questions will be based on basically four sections. The questions will be MCQs with four options with no negative marking for wrong answers. The time allotted for the paper will be two and half hours.
The questions in Paper II will be based on the following topics:
Subjects Number of Questions Marks Allotted
Child Development and Pedagogy 30 30
Language I (Compulsory) 30 30
Language II (Compulsory) 30 30
Maths and Science (For candidates applied for Maths) / Social Science (For candidates applied for social studies) / Any of these for other streams 60 60
Total 150 150
The following points should be taken into consideration while preparing for Paper II in the CTET Exam:
Choice of subjects should be based on their requirement: The languages should be chosen according to your comfort level and also the demands of the exam. The first language is meant for medium of instruction whereas the second will test the comprehension knowledge and reading ability etc. It is recommended that you choose your mother tongue as the Language I whereas Language II should be your second language in the school.
Pedagogy will be based on age: Since you have applied for the elementary level, the child development and pedagogy questions will be related to the children in the age group of 11-14 years. Please focus on the special developments in a child of this age if you want to succeed in this section.
NCERT is the bible: The syllabus is mainly based on the NCERT books of the concerned classes. Therefore first go through these books before going through any guide book. Clear your concepts from NCERTs first.
Questions may be of higher level also: It is not necessary that questions will be based on the level upto Class VIII only but the same may be upto the senior secondary level also. It is therefore recommended that you go through topics mentioned in the syllabus with focus upto senior secondary level.
Maths and Social Science will be application based: This examination is going to test your ability to teach. It is not everything that you know a concept very well but it matters how you communicate the same to the students. Please focus on application of any theory along with real-life examples so that you can face any question on any theory without any apprehension.
Who will be declared qualified in the CTET Exam?
Any candidate scoring at least 60% in the CTET Exam will be declared as qualified as per the NCTE Notification in this regard. However, it is at the discretion of the individual schools to accept a lower score for reserved category candidates while recruiting them.
It is mandatory that the schools have to give certain weightage to the CTET Marks but passing this examination will not confer any right on the candidate to get a job.
What to do after I pass my CTET Exam?
Once you are declared qualified in this examination, you get your score card and now you can apply to schools individually based on their requirement. The schools will come out with advertisements as and when required. The CTET scores will be valid for the following schools:
All schools run by the central government and the administrations of the UTs in the country.
Private unaided schools may also decide to use this score to recruit teachers.
State governments, in case they have not conducted their own Teachers’ Eligibility Test.
How long may I apply for jobs based on my CTET Online Exam score?
The CTET Score is valid for a period of seven years from the date of declaration of the result by CBSE. However, it is also mandated that students can take this exam as many times as desired since there is no cap on the number of attempts by the candidates.
The CTET Online Exam is going to be held on December 9, 2018 in the country and the CTET Exam pattern has been described in detail in the article. The results are expected to be declared within a couple of months after the examination. All the aspiring teachers out there should come ahead and make the most out of it since there is no better opportunity than this if you are really passionate about teaching in the primary and elementary level in the government schools.
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All the Best!!