Eduwhere Concept: Newton's Law of Gravitation

 

Even if we all have learnt Newton’s law of gravitation in school and college, it has been a part of our studies after that too.

 

Here is a quick revision for Newton’s law of gravitation for your upcoming competitive examination.

 

Statement:

Newton’s Law of Gravitation

Gravitational force (F) between two bodies is directly proportional to the product of masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

 

Explanation:

Let m1 and m2 be the masses of two bodies and r be the separation between them.

F ∝ m1m2 / r2

 

Here, G is gravitational constant.

Value of G is (6.67 × 10-11 N m2 kg-2))

Acceleration due to gravity

 

For a body falling freely under gravity, the acceleration in the body is called acceleration due to gravity.

 

Relationship between g and G is given by 

g = GMe /Re = 4/3 πGReΡ

where G = gravitational constant, Me and Re be the mass and radius of the earth.

 

Characteristics of gravitational force:

  • It is always attractive.
  • It is independent of the medium.
  • It is a conservative and central force.
  • It holds good over a wide range of distance.

 



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