CLAT 2020 Exam Pattern Updates

The Common Law Admission Test is a national level entrance examination for admission to candidates in the Undergraduate and Postgraduate exams in law courses. The candidates who clear the CLAT exam can get admission to 22 NLUs along with other colleges/ universities accepting the exam scores. 

As the COVID- 19 outbreak has made a huge impact on the entire world, it has equally affected the education sector. Most of the competitive exams, entrance exams and school exams are postponed. The CLAT examination is also postponed after the PM Shri Narendra Modi announced complete lockdown.

As the lockdown can become boring for many of us, it is a good chance for students to prepare well for their exams. All the candidates appearing for CLAT now have extra time to score well.

As the examination pattern of CLAT has now been updated, it is a win-win situation for candidates to prepare well. If you are still not aware of the updated CLAT pattern, here are the complete details regarding the same.


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The Consortium of National Law Universities (the “Consortium”) announced certain modifications in the pattern of the Common Law Admission Test (the “CLAT”), 2020.


This note describes the proposed pattern of questions for each of the five specified areas that the Undergraduate-CLAT 2020 would comprise.


Earlier the UG-CLAT examination consisted of 200 multiple-choice questions. However, the UG-CLAT 2020 exam will be a 2-hour test including 150 questions in it. Each question will carry 1 mark each. There shall be negative marking of 0.25 marks for every wrong answer. These questions would be divided across the following 5 subjects:


English Language

Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

Legal Reasoning

Logical Reasoning

Quantitative Techniques


The UG-CLAT 2020 pattern is updated to focus on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities of candidates. Overall, it is designed to be a test of aptitude and skills that are necessary for a legal education rather than prior knowledge. However, prior knowledge at times may be useful to respond to questions in the Current Affairs section.


In this section of the UG-CLAT 2020, the candidates will be provided passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing and would be of a standard that a 12th standard student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes.


Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your comprehension and language skills, including your abilities to:


The candidates are supposed to read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage. Along with that, the arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;

Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage;

Summarise the passage;

Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage; and

Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.



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Current Affairs Including General Knowledge


In this section, you will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.


Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require you to demonstrate your awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including topics such as:


Arts and culture;

Contemporary events of significance from India and the world;

International affairs; and

Historical events of continuing significance.


Legal Reasoning


In this section, you will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. You will not require any prior knowledge of the law. You will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.


Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require you to:


Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage;

Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations; and

Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.


Logical Reasoning


The Logical Reasoning section of the UG-CLAT 2020 will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require you to:


Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions;

Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage;

Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;

Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations;

Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence and assess the effectiveness of arguments.


Quantitative Techniques


The Quantitative Techniques section of the UG-CLAT 2020 will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. You will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information.


To solve the questions in this section you will need to :

Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and

Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.

Preparing for the UG-CLAT 2020

The Consortium plans to publish various preparatory materials for the UG-CLAT 2020, including:

The Consortium will also provide candidates who have successfully completed their application to the UG-CLAT 2020 access to a learning platform where you may access the preparatory materials described above, as well as your scores on various exercises and model question papers.

Here is a list of some important books that can help in the CLAT 2020 exam preparation:


  • Objective General English 2020 by A P Bhardwaj
  • Objective General English 2020 by R S Aggarwal
  • Current Affairs Yearly by Arihant Publications
  • General Knowledge by Arihant Publications
  • Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning by RS Aggarwal
  • Analytical Reasoning by M K Pandey
  • 501 Challenging Logical reasoning Practice Book
  • Grand Master Box 2020 by Karan Mehta and Harsh Gagrani
  • Study Package for CLAT and LLB Entrance Examinations by AP Bhardwaj